Community safety education model

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Community safety education model

It appears that many people underestimate the risk of fire in their own home. With an annual average of 7000 domestic fires on a total number of 7 million dwellings, the chance of a domestic fire is up to ten times greater than generally assumed. Every year, some 600 people are injured by a domestic fire, of which 45 do not survive. Previous research has determined that there is a relation between injury victims and type of dwelling, type of neighbourhood, cause of fire, presence of smoke alarms, and escape behaviour. To reduce the number of domestic fires and the number of injury victims due to fire, an intervention aimed at how people behave within a neighbourhood is an appropriate strategy. A recent evaluation has confirmed that group presentations are an effective means of reaching selected target groups with interventions designed to achieve behavioural change. This project is based on a group presentation given by a member of the fire department who was present at the scene of the incident.


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Purpose

To reduce the number of domestic fires and the number of injury victims due to fire..

Target Group

Specific risk groups that:

  • are hard to reach through large-scale media campaigns
  • are at greater risk of fire due to the domestic presence of boilers, gas heaters, and/or outdated electrical wiring
  • run a greater risk of fire and smoke spreading due to a substandard compartmentalisation, wooden floors and stairs
  • have only one escape route, for example through a shared stairwell
  • live in social housing units and have a low income (mostly non-western immigrants)

 

Intended result

The provision of inter-personal preventive public education using a standardised education model, by (voluntary) members of a fire department, requiring a minimum of training, so that the distribution of smoke alarms among the specific target groups increases by 10% and improved safety behaviour is displayed concerning the prevention of fire and burns, as compared to the zero-measurement.

By Who

Burns Foundation, Fire department, Consumer Safety Foundation


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Resources

Evidence-based standardised education model, with work folder, work description, visual and film materials, that can be given by (voluntary) department members after a minimum of training.

Evaluation

A study is currently underway by the Dutch Consumer and Safety Foundation